The capital city of Slovakia – Bratislava, is the gateway to Slovakia and indeed one of the places you have to visit on your tour to Slovakia. The most beautiful part is the Old Town, even though it is not very big. My favourite activity is an evening summer walk through the old and narrow streets of the Old Town, followed by a walk to the Bratislava castle, from where you will see the evening silhouette of the city.
Apart of that, Bratislava has a rich history. Since it was founded in the year 907, a lot of happened in this area. It´s because of the strategic place, which has often played a big role in the history of central Europe. In the medieval times, Bratislava was the capital of the Kingdom of Hungary, the seat of the Hungarian Diet, central administration and the coronation town of the Hungarian Kings and Queens.
Bratislava now is the modern city and the seat of most important political, economic, social and scientific bodies and institutions
The High Tatras range is part of the Tatras Mountains, which, in turn, are part of the Carpathian Mountains. The range lies on the border between northern Slovakia and Poland, and is preserved in both countries with National Park and UNESCO Biosphere Reserve listing. With its abundance of high peaks, rugged valleys, alpine tarns and wildlife, the High Tatras are often likened to the Alps, but smaller and more personal.
There are 26 mountains in the High Tatras that rise to 2500m or higher. The highest (Gerlachovsky Peak, 2655m) and second highest (Lomnicky Peak, 2654m) are both located just outside Tatranska Lomnica, the town where your apartment-hotel is, providing incredible views in every direction.
The Spiš Castle was built in the beginning of the 12th century and is one of the largest castles in Slovakia and even in Europe. In 1993 was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List, thanks to its Roman palace. There are only few palaces left, built in this style in Europe. The Castle is an exceptional example of mediaeval fortification architecture and thanks to that, it remained unconquered, though seriously damaged, by Tartar invaders in 1241.
An extensive fire in 1780 turned the castle into ruins. They say that the fire was caused by the knights distilling schnapps. 🙂 Since then, the castle was never really restored.
Slovak Paradise National Park is accurately named. With a wealth of forests, meadows, plateaus, canyons and caves, the park’s landscape is a playground ready for you to explore. You have a plenty possibilites for hikes that include a system of ladders, catwalks and bridges past waterfalls and lush vegetation in the park’s remarkable gorges.
Slovak Paradise National Park is composed of several smaller nature reserves, the first of which was established in 1890. The park protects a wide range of natural features, including forests, meadows, plateaus, gorges, caves (more than 350 of them!) and waterfalls. With over 300km of trails, including some that delve into the park’s gorges, Slovak Paradise is a wonderful place to explore.
The history of Banská Štiavnica (UNESCO World Heritage Site) is closely associated with mining industry. In the 18th and 19th centuries was Banská Štiavnica one the richest and most important centers in the Habsburg Monarchy, as it became the European centre for mining, academics, scientists and technologies related to mining.
Banska Štiavnica had the third largest population in the Monarchy and the town became extremely wealthy, because of the rich gold and silver veins. The rich entrepreneurs built large, expensive and beautifully designed buildings and palaces and formed the beautiful historic town in the mountains.
One of the most interesting caves I have ever been to, is surely the Ochtinska Aragonit Cave, which is also part of the UNESCO Natural World Heritage. There are only 4 caves of this kind in the world – Slovakia, Czech Republic, Mexico and Argentina. It was discovered by an accident, while the miners were drilling the geological survey. The cave is a world rarity and unique natural phenomenon, due to the richness and variety of aragonite fill.
Wooden churches of the Slovak part of Carpathian Mountain Area, which were added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2008, possess an extraordinary worldwide value. The churches include: Roman Catholic churches in Hervartov and Tvrdošín, Evangelical articular churches in Kežmarok, Leštiny and Hronsek, and churches of Eastern rite in Bodružal, Ladomirová and Ruská Bystrá.
Wooden churches are specific samples of sacred architecture in Slovakia.